Cancer is a category of diseases described by uncontrollable cell growth. There are more than hundred different kinds of cancer. Every cancer is differentiated by the kind of cell that is originally affected. Cancer damages the body only when distorted cells divide chaotically to shape masses of tissue or lumps called tumors (excluding in the condition of leukemia when cancer disallow normal blood function in the blood flow). Tumors can develop and get in the way with the circulatory, nervous, and digestive systems, and furthermore, the tumors can discharge hormones that modify body function. Tumors that remain in one spot and show restricted growth are usually considered to be benign.
More treacherous or spiteful tumors develop when two things take place:
- a cell (cancerous ) travels throughout your body using the lymphatic systems or blood, devastating muscular tissue in a procedure known as invasion
- the cell gets divided and starts growing. It makes new blood vessels to nourish itself in a procedure called angiogenesis.
If a tumor successfully extends to other constituents of the body and starts destroying, growing and invading other strong tissues, then we call it to have metastasized. This procedure itself is known as metastasis, and the outcome is a serious state that is very hard to treat.
American Cancer Society states, Cancer is the next most widespread reason of death in the United States and causes approximately one of every four deaths. World Health Organization calculates approximately that, globally, there were about 8.2 million cancer-associated deaths and 14 million new cancer cases in the year 2012.
What are the types of cancer?
It is said that there are more than 200 different kinds of cancer. Following are the most common cancer types that everyone should know about:
- Vulvar cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Stomach cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Liver cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Colon cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Breast cancer
- Bone cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Anal cancer
Key Facts about Cancer
Let’s discuss some of the key facts about cancer.
- The most frequent spots of cancer among females are stomach, cervix, lung, rectum, colon and breast.
- Among men, the most frequent spots of cancer are liver, stomach, rectum, colon, prostate and lung.
- A report of World Health Organization (WHO) states that the number of fresh cancer cases is likely to increase by around 70% in the next twenty years.
- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccines and other importantVaccines helps in avoiding some oral, vulvar, cervical, and vaginal cancers. Hepatitis B vaccine can decrease liver cancer risk.
- Screening can tell the location of breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer at treatable and an early stage.
- It is said that cancer threat can be condensed by avoiding tobacco, restraining alcohol intake, restricting UV ray exposure from the sun and tanning beds and sustaining a good level of fitness and healthy diet, and looking for habitual medical care.
- African Americans are expected to die of cancer more in quantity than humans of any other ethnicity or race.
- The expenses of cancer in the United States per annum are a projected $263.8 billion in lost productivity and medical costs.
- Cancer is taken to be one of the top reasons of mortality and morbidity worldwide.